After the end of the Second World War in Europe (1939-1945) and the decisions of previous conferences in Tehran, Casablanca and Yalta, the Allies had taken the highest authority over Germany by the Berlin Declaration of 5 June 1945. At the conference of the three powers in Berlin (formal title of the Potsdam Conference) from 17 July to 2 August 1945, they approved and adopted the amstbiss of 1 August 1945. The signatories were Secretary General Joseph Stalin, President Harry S. Truman and Prime Minister Clement Attlee, who had replaced Winston Churchill as the United Kingdom`s representative following the 1945 British general election. The three powers also agreed to invite France and China to participate, as members of the Council of Foreign Ministers, which was established for the agreement. The provisional government of the French Republic accepted the invitation on 7 August, with the main caveat that it would not accept from the outset any obligation to form a central government in Germany. The three governments took note of discussions in recent weeks in London between representatives of the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and France to reach agreement on the methods of trial of major war criminals whose crimes do not present a particular geographical location after the Moscow Declaration of October 1943. The three governments reaffirm their intention to bring justice quickly and safely to these criminals. They hope that the London negotiations will lead to a quick agreement to that end, and they believe it is very important that the trial of these great criminals begins as soon as possible. The first list of accused will be published before September 1. The agreement, which was a communiqué, was not a peace treaty between the peoples, although it created the fait accompli.
It was replaced by the Treaty on the Definitive Regime, signed on 12 September 1990, in accordance with Germany. In addition to the settlement of Germany and Poland, the Potsdam negotiators agreed to the creation of a Council of Foreign Ministers to develop peace agreements with Germany`s former allies on behalf of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and China. Conference participants also agreed to revise the 1936 Montreux Convention, which gave Turkey exclusive control of the Strait of Turkey. In addition, the United States, Britain and China issued the „Potsdam Declaration,“ which threatened Japan with „immediate and total destruction“ if it did not surrender immediately (the Soviet Union did not sign the declaration because it had yet to declared war on Japan). What did the Allies agree to the Potsdam conference? One of the most controversial topics of the Potsdam conference was the revision of the German-Soviet-Polish borders and the expulsion of millions of Germans from the disputed territories.