Countries enter into enterprise agreements primarily to protect and indirectly encourage foreign investment and, increasingly, to liberalize these investments. The IIAs provide companies and individuals of contracting parties with enhanced security and security under international law when they invest or set up a business in other countries parties to the agreement. Reducing the investment risk associated with an IGE is designed to encourage businesses and individuals to invest in the country that AI has concluded. In this context, it is important to allow foreign investors to settle disputes with the host country through international arbitrations and not just through the host country`s national courts. Financing products can be offered worldwide and by many types of issuers. They generally do not require registration and often have a higher return than money funds. Some products may be linked to selling options that allow an investor to terminate the contract after a specified period. Not surprisingly, financing agreements are the most popular among those who wish to use products for capital preservation rather than growth in an asset portfolio. As part of its missions, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development has published the Sustainable Development Investment Policy Framework (IPFSD), a dynamic document that was created to help governments develop sound investment policies, including international investment agreements, that use foreign direct investment (FDI) for sustainable development. IPFSD intends to promote a new generation of investment agreements by pursuing a broader development agenda; and policy makers in formulating their national and international investment policies. To this end, the IPFSD identifies eleven key critical principles. As part of these fundamental principles, IPFSD provides states with guidance and advice on formulating a good investment policy, including clause options for negotiators, to increase the value of the national investment policy for sustainable development. Another important trend is the multiplicity of agreements.

[14] As a result, the developing international CEW system has been likened to a metaphor for a „spaghetti shell.“ According to UNCTAD, the system is universal, as virtually every country has signed at least one I2. At the same time, it can be considered atomized because of the large number of individual agreements that currently exist. The system is complex, with the signing of agreements at all levels (bilateral, sectoral, regional, etc.). It is also complex, as an increasing number of I2As contain provisions on subjects traditionally far removed from investment, such as trade, intellectual property, workers` rights and environmental protection. The system is also dynamic, as its main features are currently evolving rapidly. [15] [16] For example, new standards tend to include provisions that deal more often with issues such as public health, safety, national security or the environment, in order to better address public policy concerns. Finally, beyond AI, there are other international laws that are relevant to countries` national investment frameworks, including international customary law, UN instruments and the WTO agreement (for example. B TRIMS).