After doubts and consultations, Benavides agreed to evacuate the port of Leticia and entrust its administration to the League of Nations. A ceasefire interrupted the war and the way was opened for diplomacy. The end took place in Rio de Janeiro. The Colombian negotiating committee, composed of Roberto Urdaneta, Guillermo Valencia and Luis Cano, signed the agreement that reinstated Leticia on 19 June 1934. In the last part of the pact, the signatories declare themselves as an action plan that would implement the main ideas of the agreement. The effectiveness of the leticia pact depends on the compliance of Amazon countries with this obligation. Green innovation: another important point of the agreement is the development of reforestation initiatives, the exchange of green technologies and the promotion of alternatives to fires. The Leticia incident, dubbed the Leticia War, was an armed conflict between Colombia and Peru around the Amazon rainforest area. They eventually agreed to divide the disputed area among themselves. Heads of state and government from seven South American countries met in the Amazonian city of Leticia, Colombia, to sign an agreement to better protect the world`s largest rainforest. The Leticia pact is therefore like a New Year`s resolution: it sounds good and it feels good, but we forget it right away on January 1st. It is a collection of non-binding declarations of intent, that is all.

It won`t save the rainforest. And contrary to Duque`s statements, the agreement will certainly not go down in history – except perhaps as a missed opportunity. The agreement, known as the “leticia pact,” is an attempt by Amazon countries to tackle recent wildfires that have ravaged the rainforest and sparked international outrage. On April 30, 1933, Peruvian President Sanchez was shot dead. 15 days later, his successor, Scar Benavides, met with the president of the Colombian Liberal Party, Alfonso Lépez Pumarejo, to get an agreement to hand Leticia over to a league of nations commission. Countries also agreed to share information on activities such as illegal mining that harms conservation, the Pact said. Although the Leticia pact is a good starting point for regional coordination, critics have pointed out that there is a lack of scientific details and enforcement mechanisms. Aboriginal leaders and analysts remain cautiously optimistic about the pact and say it is thin in detail and direction. On September 6, 2019, representatives from seven Amazon countries signed a pact to protect the rainforest by developing regional cooperation. Indigenous leaders also participated in the assembly held in a village of the Tikuna tribe in the Amazonian city of Leticia, Colombia.

The diverse participation at the summit testifies to the complexity of the Amazon itself. The Amazon basin covers about 40% of South America, includes eight different countries and is home to one million indigenous peoples of up to 500 tribes. As if this political and cultural diversity were not enough, the Amazon is home to more than 30% of the world`s species. The fires that have engulfed parts of the rainforest in Brazil and Bolivia are the latest in a steady increase in deforestation. While a decade ago, Brazil was heading towards a zero deforestation policy, forest loss has been intensifying since 2015. 2019 is expected to reach a new peak, with July and August being the two worst months since registration began.