However, few studies have provided standards for psycholinguistic variables for photos. In addition, these studies examined only a limited number of variables for designation or used a relatively small number of photos (e.g.B. 107 photos were used to measure six psycholinguistic variables in Adlington, Laws, Gale, 2009; 480 photos were used to measure four psycholinguistic variables in Brodeur et al., 2010; and 174 colored images were used to measure three psycholinguistic variables in Viggiano, Vannucci, Righi, 2004. In addition, most standards for photos are for English, and only two normative studies are available for other languages (Bonin, Boyer, Méot, Fayol, Law, 2004, for French; Moreno-Marténez – Montoro, 2012, for Spanish). Liu, Y., Hao, M., Li, P., Shu, H. (2011). Time-ranking standards for Mandarin Chinese. PLoS ONE, 6, e16505. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016505 Naming is a key data in interpersonal communication through language, which includes different cognitive processes. B, such as the transformation of visual stimuli into a conceptual representation, name calling, image calling and lexical production (Dell, Schwartz, Martin, Saffran, Gagnon, 1997). Anomia, which implies an alteration of the name, is one of the most common deficiencies observed in different types of aphasia and other neurocognitive disorders. Image name tests are often used in aphasiology studies and cognitive scientific research (Tallberg, 2005), including event-related magnetic resonance imaging studies (Severens, Van Lommel, Ratinckx, Hartsuiker, 2005). This task takes up all stages of lexical production, including lexical access, phonological coding and lexical information that is stored in the individual`s memory both qualitatively and quantitatively (Friedmann, Biran, Dotan, 2013).
The age of registration is a powerful factor that influences the accuracy and speed of designation. This measure is positively correlated with NA (%), but is negatively correlated with the H index in both groups, suggesting that there is more agreement on the names of objects learned early in life. The age of acquisition seems to have an influence on the relational strength between semantic, lexical and phonological representations, and words acquired in the early stages have stronger and semantic relationships.