While the importer must pay unpaid duties to the customs authority, Chilean customs cannot impose sanctions on the issuer of the certificate of origin if the notification of such an error is made in a timely manner, in accordance with the definition of the free trade agreement between the United States and Chile. Although the ultimate responsibility for the declaration rests with the importer, the information necessary to support the declaration must, in most cases, be provided by the exporting producer. The exporter. B, the importer or manufacturer of the products may provide the support information (e.g. the certificate of origin) that is the subject of a preferential treatment application. If this support information is not produced by the manufacturer (i.e.dem importer or exporter), it must be based either on 1) on a certificate of origin issued by the manufacturer, or on the knowledge of the exporter or importer that the products are considered a certificate of origin. In other words, the importer relies heavily on the assistance and cooperation of U.S. suppliers to establish accurate and well-documented declarations of origin. Although the ultimate responsibility for the declaration rests with the importer, the information necessary to support the declaration must be provided by the manufacturer. The written statement that the products originated may be provided by the exporter, importer or manufacturer of the products. In some cases, a considerable amount of research on inputs in the manufacture of products is needed to determine its origin. Many exporters and importers believe that the declaration of origin only takes place at the time of customs clearance, which creates a sense of urgency when determining the origin of the goods.
To get the rate reduced immediately, that`s right. However, the importer has another option. The importer may pay the non-preferential duties at the time of customs clearance of the goods and has one year from the date of import of the goods to request reimbursement of excessive duties paid as a result of the preferential tariff treatment not granted. This may be the case when the information needed to establish the origin of the goods is not available at the time of transfer. On the date of the restitution application, the importer is required to provide a written statement regarding the original character of the products and, at the request of the customs authority, a certificate of origin or any other indication that the product is considered originating; and other documents relating to the importation of goods that customs authorities may require. Chile`s Free Trade Agreement (CLFTA) came into force on 1 January 2004. Under the agreement, most Chilean products arrive duty-free in the United States and Processing Fee (MPF) and virtually all have entered free of charge until its full implementation in 2015. An importer seeking preferential treatment for a product must have the certificate of origin and/or other supporting documentation demonstrating that the products are valid for a period of five years from the date of importation of the products as products originating from the free trade agreements between the United States and Chile.