Armed clashes between state security forces and the Sudanese liberation/army movement (al-Nur); SLM-al-Nur). In November 2019[update], the SLM (al-Nur) refused to join the peace process in Juba.  On 17 August 2020, Khalid Abdin for the government and Ahmed el-Omda for SPLM-N (Agar) signed a security agreement for both areas, including the integration of the Armed Forces of the Sudan Revolutionary Front into the Sudanese Armed Forces.  Negotiations on political issues continued in the days that followed.  In a statement after his arrival, Hamdok said that „peace will open a wide horizon for development, progress and prosperity.“ „If there is peace, even if the crown is there, God`s will, even if I am not afraid of anything, I feel joy today,“ said the chaplain in South Sudan. On 17 December, Hemetti and Malik Agar, head of SPLM-N (Agar), signed an agreement on the two-zone „humanitarian protocol and ceasefire. The agreement includes a ceasefire monitoring group consisting of three representatives from both sides and a South Sudanese chair in Khartoum, with a sub-office in Kadugli and another in Ed Damazin; and sending a joint mission to both areas to assess humanitarian needs and plan and implement a humanitarian action plan.  The peace process faces various challenges and pitfalls that we can overcome through concerted efforts and joint action. The members of the Security Council called on the signatories of the Peace Agreement to begin early implementation, in particular the main provisions of the Agreement on Security Measures and combating the root causes of conflict in Darfur and both regions. They reaffirmed their commitment to support the implementation of the Agreement, including through the United Nations Transitional Integrated Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) and the African Union and United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID). The members of the Security Council reaffirmed the importance of the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in this regard. The peace agreement covers a number of sensitive issues, ranging from land ownership, reparations and compensation to prosperity, power-sharing and the return of refugees and internally displaced persons. France reaffirms its full support for the ongoing democratic transition in Sudan and stands ready to assist the Sudanese authorities in facilitating the successful implementation of peace agreements.
He reiterated his appeal to movements that did not sign the 3 October agreements to join the peace process in Sudan and contribute to reconciliation efforts among all the peoples of Sudan. The members of the Security Council urged those who have not yet joined the peace process with the Government of Sudan to do so without delay, constructively and without preconditions, in order to conclude negotiations for a comprehensive peace agreement quickly, and urged all international actors to continue to encourage non-party parties in this regard. General Abdulfatah Al Burhan, who heads Sudan`s Sovereign Council, told the crowd in Juba that many Sudanese had lost their loved ones to a lasting peace in their country and urged The Holdout groups to join the peace process. Sudanese citizen Hassein Alfudul, who also attended the event, called on armed groups to respect the peace agreement. At a ceremony in the South Sudanese capital, Juba, representatives of the transitional government and rebel groups signed the agreement a year after peace talks began at a ceremony in the South Sudanese capital, Juba, according to an AFP journalist at the scene. Lieutenant-General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo signed the document on behalf of the Sudanese government [Akuot Chol / AFP] Two powerful rebel groups – but the Darfur-based faction of the Sudan Liberation Movement (MLS), led by Abdelwahid Mohamed al-Nour, and the People`s Liberation Movement of North Sudan (SPLM-N) led by Abdelaziz al-Hilu have not signed the challenges.